OPHTHALMOLOGY By N., Pam M.S. - April 7, 2013 noun. the medical specialty regarding the study of the eye and the identification and remediation of eye illness. A doctor who specializes in is referred to as an ophthalmologist. OPHTHALMOLOGY: "I want to attend college and study ophthalmology." Related Psychology Terms CONSULTANT PHYSICAL MCDICINE PSYCHIATRIST PHYSICAL THERAPY (PT) 1 OSTEOPATHY CONSENT TELEHEALTH THERAPEUTIC PHOTOTHERAPY AMPHETAMINE Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "OPHTHALMOLOGY," in PsychologyDictionary.org, April 7, 2013, https://psychologydictionary.org/ophthalmology/ (accessed January 25, 2020).