1. Doctrine in philosophy that objects have an existence, even in the absence of an observer. 2. An older doctrine that states univerals, as in abstract ideas, have a greater genuine reality than the physical examples to which they refer. 3. in literature and the performing arts, any mode of representation that attempts to show human experience or society in such a way that true life is represented.
REALISM: "Realism states that objects do, in fact, exist. This is true whether the object is being observed at the moment of existence or not."