Complex artistic, literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe, and gained strength in reaction to the Industrial Revolution. Was, in part, a revolt against aristocratic sociopolitical norms of the Age of Enlightenment. Emphasized the beliefs of creativity, spontaneity, and curiosity, together with sentimental self-expression over the traditional principles of stability, uniformity, discipline, balance, and impartiality. Is considered to be a forerunner to the humanistic therapy advancements in psychology.
ROMANTICISM: "In the late 18th century, romanticism swept the nation."