In psychoanalysis, social, occupational, or interpersonal advantages that a patient derives from symptoms. Indirect benefit, usually obtained through an illness or debility. Such gains may include monetary and disability benefits, personal attention, or escape from unpleasant situations and responsibilities, and are precipitated by the reactions of others, rather than causal factors. Also known as: advantage by illness.
SECONDARY GAINS: "The patient had enormous secondary gains due to her symptoms."