TARGET LANGUAGE By N., Pam M.S. - April 13, 2013 1. The second language that a person learns. 2. The language a translation has been made or is in. Compare source language. Target language is selected when one needs it some way or the other. TARGET LANGUAGE: "Italian is Joe's target language." Related Psychology Terms TRANSLATION AND BACK-TRANSLATION SOURCE LANGUAGE INTERLANGUAGE FORTRAN ISOLATING LANGUAGE BIOLOGICALLY PRIMARY ABILITY RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE INTERPRET SENSORY SUBSTITUTION TARGET PATIENT Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "TARGET LANGUAGE," in PsychologyDictionary.org, April 13, 2013, https://psychologydictionary.org/target-language/ (accessed January 16, 2020).