the manner of deliberately confusing study volunteers, for instance, by providing them with incorrect data regarding the objective of the study or perhaps by setting them up to unintentionally communicate with fellow study volunteers. Commonly referred to as deception by commission

ACTIVE DECEPTION: "Active deception is often used toward volunteer participants within a study so as to assure there is no bias in the results."
Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "ACTIVE DECEPTION," in, April 7, 2013, (accessed September 20, 2021).