the lawful procedure required to place a child into the care of a family that is not of birth origin to them for forever. Private adoptions require the records be sealed, and in many state, never opened again without the permission of a judge. This supports the idea that the child have no further relationship with their birth family. Open adoptions have become more and more popular since the turn of the century and are now commonplace. During an open adoption, the birth family, primarily the birth mother, will stay in touch with adoptive parents and play a pseudo-active role in the child's life.
ADOPTION: "The adoption process can be lengthy and strenuous on both the birth and adoptive parents."