n. a scenario in which there are at least two kinds of phenomena operating in the same situation, and it is unknown which one causes the effect, or even, which is the cause and which is the effect. See reverse causality.

CAUSAL AMBIGUITY: "In order to resolve causality, research needs to be empirical and controlled."
Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "CAUSAL AMBIGUITY," in, April 7, 2013, (accessed September 16, 2021).