COUNTERFACTUAL By Nugent, Pam M.S. - April 7, 2013 noun. With regard to language, a proclamation that is adverse to truth, specifically when utilized to develop a conditional clause. COUNTERFACTUAL: "Counterfactual information is not always obvious to those receiving it." Related Psychology Terms COUNTERFACTUAL THINKING PASSIVE VOICE PATIENT ACCUSATIVE PHRASE PAUSE PREDICATE NUMBER AFFIXATION VERIFICATION Cite this page: Nugent, Pam M.S., "COUNTERFACTUAL," in PsychologyDictionary.org, April 7, 2013, https://psychologydictionary.org/counterfactual/ (accessed November 21, 2017).