MYELINATION By N., Pam M.S. - April 7, 2013 is the process of forming a myelin sheath around the axon of neurons. Otherwise known as axonal myelination and medullation. MYELINATION: "Myelination is the process of a myelin coating or sheath forming around a neuro fibre or axon of a neuron." Related Psychology Terms NEUROGLIA DEMYELINATION RETROGRADE TRANSPORT NERVE UNMYELINATED MYELINATED FIBER SCHWANN CELL MYELIN SHEATH DEGENERATING AXON WHITE MATTER Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "MYELINATION," in PsychologyDictionary.org, April 7, 2013, https://psychologydictionary.org/myelination/ (accessed June 24, 2021).