is described in the DSM (Diagnostic Statistical Manual) as: Dysphoria or depressed mood- insomnia- irritability, frustration, or anger- anxiety- difficulty in concentrating- restlessness- decreased heart rate- and increased appetite or weight gain.

NICOTINE WITHDRAWAL: "Nicotine withdrawal symptoms arise when an individual, who has consistently smoked or ingested nicotine stops, this usually results in a depressed mood and restlessness."
Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "NICOTINE WITHDRAWAL," in, April 7, 2013, (accessed October 15, 2021).