curative factors which function across designs and methods in group psychotherapy. Factors identified are inclusive of cohesion, altruism, family reenactment, universality, catharsis, determination, feedback, role flexibility, interpersonal learning, hope, reality testing, and vicarious learning. Therapeutic factors are frequently confused with common ones because both delineate effective change factors across theoretical designs and methods of therapy; regardless, common factors refer to individual psychotherapy, whereas therapeutic factors refer to group psychotherapy.

THERAPEUTIC FACTORS: "Therapeutic factors cannot be ruled out just yet."