is described in the DSM (Diagnostic Statistical Manual) as: a cluster of cognitive, behavioural, and physiological symptoms indicating continued use of nicotine despite significant nicotine-related problems. There is a pattern of repeated nicotine ingestion resulting in tolerance, characteristic withdrawal symptoms if use is suspended (see nicotine withdrawal), and an uncontrollable drive to continue use.

NICOTINE DEPENDENCE: "After smoking for a period of time, individuals can develop a nicotine dependence where their bodies will require a certain amount of nicotine within a certain timeframe, otherwise known as an addiction."
Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "NICOTINE DEPENDENCE," in, April 7, 2013, (accessed May 6, 2021).